La Sportiva Wildcat Review

La Sportiva Wildcat Review

Trail runners have replaced traditional boots as the preferred footwear for an Appalachian Trail thru-hike. I chose La Sportiva Wildcats for our 2,200 mile journey and this is my La Sportiva Wildcat review.

Before making the firm decision of thru-hiking in trail runners I tried both boots and trail runners in the mountains of the Central Valley of Costa Rica (where we lived before our thru). After hundreds of miles on each I determined that trail runners, La Sportiva Wildcats specifically, were the right choice for me, here are the reasons why:

Lightweight

For trail runners Wildcats are a bit on the heavy side but compared to boots they are light. Accumulative fatigue is a serious concern when you are hiking 8-10 hours a day, every day over the course of 6-months. It is estimated an average thru-hiker takes over 5 million steps during their journey. Having one or two fewer pounds to lift up and down will have a noticeable effect.

Dry Quickly

The Appalachian Trail is a wet trail. On a thru-hike it is probable you will experience multiple instances of multi-day rain. Wet gear is uncomfortable and causes chafing and blisters. La Sportiva Wildcats, after becoming drenched, dry quicker than their boot counterparts. Even non-leather boots.

Before hiking the AT I tried this out by crossing a river in them to get to a waterfall. The shoes were saturated but by the end of the day they had dried completely. The same cannot be said of Merrill Moabs that I had also used before the AT. I once got caught in the rain in them and it took two full days for them to dry.

One note, if you end up going the boot route, do not get waterproof boots. No boot is truly waterproof on a thru-hike and once soaked the waterproof barrier will not let the moisture escape.

Durable

You might not believe this, but I only used three pair of La Sportiva Wildcats over 2,200 miles. The first pair lasted 1,100 miles and the middle pair could have lasted longer but they had been battered by the Pennsylvania rocks and I wanted fresh treads before entering the White Mountains in New Hampshire.
I was expecting to replace the shoe every 500 miles and was completely blown away at the Wildcat’s durability. I met hikers in leather boots that only lasted 300 miles into the trip.

No Break-in Time

Because of the design of the shoe and liberal use of flexible mesh the Wildcats need minimal break-in. Traditional boots need many miles before they fit perfectly. The flexibility of the shoe and lack of break-in time also contributed to me not getting a single blister over the course of 6-months of hiking. Not one blister!

la sportiva wildcats after 1100 miles

After 1,100 miles I replaced my first pair of Wildcats (nice socks, right?)

Affordable

Selling for around $100 the Wildcat is an affordable shoe. I actual got one pair of the three on sale for $75 and free shipping. Compared to boots this is a deal. And it’s about on par for other trail runners as well, although some run up to $150; this is still nowhere near the expense of an Asolo or comparable boot.

Find the best price for Wildcat shoes on Amazon.

Lip Service

One of the greatest design features of the Wildcat is the rubber toegaurd. Where other shoes’ rubber lip stops at the top of the toe the Wildcat’s goes up and over. This is crucial because you will be kicking rocks and roots all day and the other shoe design will cause the rubber to disengage from the shoe causing it to flap.

Chica’s toe lip compared to mine.

It’s amazing other shoe companies haven’t caught on to this. I remember one hostel where everyone’s shoes were lined up on the front porch. Every single pair, save mine, had flappy rubber on the toe. True story.

Now that I sold you on the shoe what are some of the problems with them?

First off, if you have bigger feet you are out of luck. Really, anything bigger than a 13 is a no go. The European sizing goes up to 47.5 which is supposed to translate to 13.5 American, but the shoe runs small. I typically wear 12.5 – 13 size shoes and the 47.5 fits me perfectly.

Next, not all feet are the same and not everyone will have the love affair I seem to have with these shoes. In fact, one of our YouTube subscribers sent me his pair because they didn’t fit him right and he couldn’t return them. When I bought my first pair, we went to REI and I really thought I was going to walk out the door with a pair of Salomon’s. But after trying on the pair of Salomon then the La Sportiva there was no comparison. The Wildcats were like a fairy tale, they felt just right.

Finally, the mesh can break especially after hundred of miles in wet conditions. The one’s I used for 1,100 miles were starting to fall apart, but what can you expect?

Trail runners are not a great solution for those that need ankle support or for those carrying mega-weight packs. Otherwise, I think there are compelling reasons to wear trail runners on a thru-hike. La Sportive Wildcats are my choice.

 

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5 Ways to beat the heat  on an AT thru-hike

5 Ways to beat the heat on an AT thru-hike

The Appalachian Trail is famous for its Green Tunnel and one might think with all that shade, sun, and heat are not a problem, one would be wrong. Avoiding hot days on a long-distance backpacking trip is near impossible and over the course of six months and 2,200 miles on the AT, you WILL encounter oppressive temperatures. Heat exhaustion and heat stroke are viable threats – be safe.

Here are five ways to beat the heat on the AT.

1) Hike early or hike late

One of the easiest ways to beat the heat on the AT is to avoid the hottest time of each day – typically between 11 am and 2 pm. If your goal is to complete a thru-hike you can’t take a day off every time the weather is not cooperating … you would never hike.

So, we work with what we’ve got and in the heat that means getting up extra early and hiking in the morning, finding shade for a mid-day nap and continuing your hike into the evening. Similarly, you can eschew the day all together and hike through the night, seeing (and hearing) the trail in a whole new light (pun intended). Make sure you have a good torch/headlamp, preferably one that is rechargeable, so you don’t have to carry heavy batteries. We used the Black Diamond Revolt.

2) Use a cooling towel

The cooling rag was my savior through all of New Jersey and New York. I would have gone mad without it, which is why it made our Gear that will Save Your Sanity post. This cheap piece of two-plied fabric stays cool if it is wet. Dip it in a stream and twirl it overhead for several rotations letting the air cool the water down. Then place it over your head, wipe your brow, or wrap it around your neck to cool you down. You can twirl it to cool it down as long as it is damp.

An alternative would be to do the same with your Buff or bandana, although these won’t stay as cool as long.

3) Stay hydrated and use electrolytes

I would venture a guess that most thru-hikers are chronically dehydrated. Even under pleasant weather conditions it is tough to hydrate someone hiking up and down mountains 10 hours a day. Add to the effort needed to complete a thru, the fact that long distance hikers are constantly trying to manage weight (water weighs 2.2 pounds per liter) and it’s easy to see hikers not drinking enough.

To beat the heat on the AT a hiker must consume more water. One way to do this is to camel-up at watering holes. Don’t just fill your Smart Water bottle, drink a liter or two in addition. The water from the spring or stream will be cold and delicious, not like the unappetizing water in your bottle after an hour in the heat, and you can carry less water to the next source.

Also, it is wise to add an electrolyte mix to your water. In the heat your body is a sieve for salt and you must replace it, otherwise the lack of sodium will cramp your style … literally. Not all water mixes have electrolytes so be sure to check the label. Our favorites were Propel and Mio.

At one point my shirt had salt crystals all over it and I was cramping severely once I got into our tent each night. In addition to the water mixes I would take salt packets from fast food joints and add them to my water. Once, I even packed out a glass jar of pickles, so I could drink the juice. Heavy, but worth it.

4) Proper clothing/ hat

Light colored clothing reflects the sun while dark colors and black absorb the heat. This is why khakis are so popular in the desert terrain. In addition to color choice many hikers disregard wearing long sleeve shirts in the summer, thinking they will be too hot. With today’s wicking fabrics long-sleeved shirts are a viable option for sun protection.

Another overlooked item is a sun hat. Many choose just to wear a baseball cap and while better than nothing, doesn’t protect the hiker as well as a hat that can shield the eyes and face AND the neck and ears like a sunhat. I used the Exoffico Bugs Away hat. It not only provided protection from the sun, it was ventilated so I didn’t overheat, it was pretreated with permethrin for mosquito and tick protection, and it could be crushed down into my pack and still retain its shape once back on my head.

5) Flip Out

Assuming you are hiking NOBO (northbound) you have the option of shuttling north in the summer. We had many friends who did this when they could no longer take the heat. They shuttled up to Maine and hiked south giving them cooler temps along the way.

For us, we wanted Katahdin to be the culmination of our trip more than we wanted to cool down. So, we suffered through about 3 weeks of heat and coped using the methods above.

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20 Hiking Quotes for Motivation, Inspiration, and Wisdom

20 Hiking Quotes for Motivation, Inspiration, and Wisdom

In only one or two lines of concise language, quotes can convey humor, stoke our motivation, cause a sentimental sigh, and inspire greatness. The following 20 hiking quotes will make you smile, motivate you to get off the couch, and mentally fuel your next trek.

Go Take a Hike!

Because in the end, you won’t remember the time you spent working in the office or mowing your lawn. Climb that goddamn mountain.

“Because in the end, you won’t remember the time you spent working in the office or mowing your lawn. Climb that goddamn mountain.”
~ Jack 
Kerouac

Quote: Of all the paths you take in life, make sure a few of them are dirt. – John Muir

“Of all the paths you take in life, make sure a few of them are dirt.”
~ John Muir

No pain no rain no Maine

No Pain, No Rain, No Maine
~ Incessant, but accurate Appalachian Trail saying

Quote “Mountains are not Stadiums where I satisfy my ambition to achieve, they are the cathedrals where I practice my religion.” Anatoli Boukreev

“Mountains are not Stadiums where I satisfy my ambition to achieve, they are the cathedrals where I practice my religion.
~ Anatoli Boukreev

Quote: "It’s not the mountain we conquer, but ourselves." - Sir Edmund Hillary

“It’s not the mountain we conquer, but ourselves.” – Sir Edmund Hillary

Quote: "If you are seeking creative ideas, go out walking. Angels whisper to a man when he goes for a walk." – Raymond Inmon

“If you are seeking creative ideas, go out walking. Angels whisper to a man when he goes for a walk.”
~ Raymond Inmon

Quote: “I think,” said Christopher Robin, “that we ought to eat all our provisions now, so we won’t have so much to carry.” A. A. Milne

“I think,” said Christopher Robin, “that we ought to eat all our provisions now, so we won’t have so much to carry.”​
~ A,A. Milne

Quote: "Hiking and happiness go hand in hand or foot in boot." Diane Spicer

“Hiking and happiness go hand in hand or foot in boot.”
~ Diane Spicer

Quote: “The man on top of the mountain didn't fall there.” Vince Lombardy

“The man on top of the mountain didn’t fall there.”
~ Vince Lombardy

Quote: "The best view comes after the hardest climb."

“The best view comes after the hardest climb.”
~ Unknown

Quote: "Mountains have a way of dealing with overconfidence." Hermann Buhl

“Mountains have a way of dealing with overconfidence.”
~ Hermann Buhl

Quote: "After a day’s walk, everything has twice its usual value." G.M. Trevelyan

“After a day’s walk, everything has twice its usual value.”
~ G.M. Trevelyan

“Fall down seven times and stand up eight.”
~ Japanese Proverb

Quote: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived." - Henry David Thoreau

“I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.”
~ Henry David Thoreau

Quote: “Climb the mountain not to plant your flag, but to embrace the challenge, enjoy the air and behold the view. Climb it so you can see the world, not so the world can see you.” David McCullough Jr.

“Climb the mountain not to plant your flag, but to embrace the challenge, enjoy the air and behold the view. Climb it so you can see the world, not so the world can see you.”
~ David McCullough Jr.

Quote: “Nature is not a place to visit. It is home.” Gary Snyder

 “Nature is not a place to visit. It is home.”
~ Gary Snyder

Quote “If you think you’ve peaked, find a new mountain."

 “If you think you’ve peaked, find a new mountain.”
~ Unknown

Quote: “Attitude is the difference between an ordeal and an adventure” – Bob Bitchin

“Attitude is the difference between an ordeal and an adventure”
~ Bob Bitchin

Quote: “It isn't the mountains ahead to climb that wear you out; it's the pebble in your shoe.” Muhammad Ali

“It isn’t the mountains ahead to climb that wear you out; it’s the pebble in your shoe.”
~ Muhammad Ali

Quote "Returning home is the most difficult part of long-distance hiking; You have grown outside the puzzle and your piece no longer fits." Cindy Ross

“Returning home is the most difficult part of long-distance hiking; You have grown outside the puzzle and your piece no longer fits.”
~ Cindy Ross

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THRU-HIKING THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL

THRU-HIKING THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL

“I think this book is worth 10 Appalachian Trail memoirs.”

~ Evan “eWolf” Schaeffer – Evan’s Backpacking Videos (YouTube)


Thru-Hiking the Appalachian Trail is the perfect guidebook for someone wanting to hike the AT.

The book touches on just about everything you will need to know to start planning for a successful long-distance hike and will answer questions such as:

What is the Appalachian Trail?

Why do most people quit?

What animals should you be worried about?

How do you plan and budget for a 5-7 month hiking trip?

What permits will you need?

How do you hike 2200 miles without getting a blister?

What gear do you need?

How do you do the doo in the middle of the woods?

Where should you NOT have sex when thru-hiking?

Even if you are not hiking the AT but have a loved one who is, you will find this book helpful in understanding what that loved one is taking on.”

~ Jessica “Snuggles” Rakestraw – DarwinOnTheTrail.com​ 

THRU-HIKING THE APPALACHIAN TRAIL is the perfect primer for anyone wanting to set out on this epic journey … and succeed.

Buy the eBook below:

 

 


Or buy the paperback directly from Chica and Sunsets

  • $20 – includes shipping and handling
  • Paperback book signed by both of us

 

Paperback is also available from Amazon.

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We are participants in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and other affiliate programs. These programs are designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com or other websites. All opinions are our own. 

How much does it cost to hike the Appalachian Trail?

How much does it cost to hike the Appalachian Trail?

Failing to plan is planning to fail

Once we decided we were going to attempt a thru-hike of the AT our very first planning question we asked ourselves was what is the cost to hike the appalachian trail? The problem was the answers we found were platitudinous. We found answers like, you need $1 per mile (or $2), or $1,000 a month will get you there, or a multitude of other non-specific answers.

Granted, there is a reason there is such a broad range of budgets for thru-hiking the AT. Simply put, there are too many variables to be able to say, Your hike will cost XX much. It’s like asking, how much does it cost you to live for a month? You might have an answer, but it won’t be MY answer.

Because of this lack of information, we had to wing it. We made reasonable assumptions and added a bit of fluff. We budgeted $11,000 for our thru and spent $12,709 ($2.90 per person per mile). This amount did not include gear or getting to or from the trail. Ours was not a minimalist thru-hike and it can be done much cheaper, or much more expensive.

I decided I would document all of our expenses and provide them weekly on our YouTube channel as we hiked. That playlist is HERE, or if you just want a summary, click the video below as it is the last one I did and includes our entire “on trail” expenditures.

Cost to Hike the Appalachian Trail:

Gear Costs
Getting to and Leaving the Trail
Costs On Trail
Costs In Town
OOPS Costs
Costs Back at Home
Advantage of Time

Cost of Gear for an Appalachian Trail thru-hike

Like the budget for the entire trail, how much your gear costs is subjective and is based on your preferences and what gear you already have. Chica and I spent about $1500 each (we did not have any gear to start). We bought the best gear we could find, but always bought on sale. I would estimate that we averaged saving 40 – 50% off retail for all the gear we purchased.

cost to hike the appalachian trail may be a lot but views are priceless

For example, the Big Agnes Copper Spur 3 retails for $500 and we bought ours on eBay for $300. We also found the previous year’s Leki Corklite trekking poles on Sierra Trading Post and paid $80 for them, instead of $140. One last example; my Mountain Hardwear Ghost Whisper hooded puffy retails for $300. I only paid $150 but had to go with an ugly green color – It’s not a fashion show out there on the Appalachian Trail.

So, gear is going to cost you between nothing up to (and over) $3,000 depending on frugality, desire, and need. For our complete gear list go to Sunsets’ Gear list or Chica’s Gear list.

Getting to the Trail

One of the things you will have to work out is how you will get to and leave the trail, and how much this will cost. For us we took a Greyhound from central Wisconsin to Chattanooga, TN (23 hours on a bus, whew!) and then our friends drove us to Amicalola Falls Lodge where we stayed 2 nights before starting off on the approach trail.

If you are going SOBO you will probably fly into or bus into Bangor, Maine. At both terminus’ (Georgia and Maine) the trailhead is difficult to get to and you will either need a friend with a car or a shuttle service. You will most likely need a hotel stay at the beginning and end as well.

On Trail Costs

The great thing about being on trail and hiking is there is nothing to spend money on. Except of course in the Shenandoah’s with all the glorious waysides and camp-stores, and in New Jersey and New York with equally appealing deli’s. Even the most frugal of thru-hikers found it hard to resist a blackberry shake in the Shenny’s or a Taylor Ham and Cheese when the trail walked right by a deli in New York.

So, on trail costs are just daily food and food can be cheap. Typical hiker fare is pure junk, and junk food is cheap. Sure, there are those who really watched their diets on their thru, but one of the advantages to burning more calories than you can possibly consume is not having to be fussy about calories.

Popular inexpensive food items on the trail: Knorr Rice and Pasta Sides, Ramen Noodles, Spam … Yes, Spam, Pop-Tarts, all sorts of non-chocolate candies, Honey Buns, and beef jerky.

More expensive food choices: Mountain House and Back Country Meals, hard cheeses and meats, Deli and Sub sandwiches, or anything packed out from the pre-made food area at the grocery store or a fast food restaurant.

For resupply and on-trail necessities we spent $2,114.

In Town Cost

If a trail budget is going to go sideways it will happen because of fun had in trail towns. And, sometimes it’s not all fun. Trail towns have many things hikers crave after a several days or a week on the trail: beer, food that’s cooked for you and does not come in a bag, a hot shower, and a comfortable bed. That’s usually the order too!

All those things can really bust your budget, even if you have them in your budget. Remember, after about a month on the trail you will be a bottomless pit and trail towns are the one place you will be able to eat your fill.

In general, all expenses–on trail food and intown food, drink and accommodations–get more expensive the further north on the trail you go. For example, in the south typical hostel costs were $20-$25, by the time we were out of Virginia there were few (outside of donation only places) that were under $30.

So, how do you not bust your budget in towns? If you drink alcohol, grab a six-pack, your booze, or wine at a grocery store rather than at a pub or restaurant. If you are like me and are a craft beer snob a beer will cost $6 or more at a bar, but you could pick up a six-pack for just a buck or so more. If you just like beer in volume, you will not be alone in buying the much cheaper PBR or, further north, Yuengling. Most hostles and some hotels have a fridge where you can store beer and food. Be aware, some hostels do not allow alcohol on the premises.

For food volume to cost ratio nothing quite beats an AYCE (all you can eat) buffet. I’m not sure how some of these restaurants make a buck, especially the all you can eat places that don’t serve alcohol. In addition to the buffet, pizza is a boon to stave hiker hunger. In most places you can get a large pizza for about $10.

As far as accommodations go, the best way to save money is to go in with friends (or complete strangers) and get a hotel room instead of a hostel bunk. You will have a private bath and room and the cost will most likely be less if you have 4 people in the room.

Our budget entailed taking 1 “zero” (no miles hiked) a week. We would arrive in a town around 3 or 4 o’clock, find a room and then take the entire next day off (so 2 nights accommodations). We eventually figured out that a zero was too much time in town and changed our strategy to taking 2 neros (almost no miles hiked) every 4 or 5 days. On these days we would hike 2-10 miles getting into town before noon. This gave us plenty of time to do chores (laundry, shower, resupply, etc) as well as get in a lunch, dinner, and breakfast.  This was almost 2 hostel/hotel stays a week, but it also allowed for 2 showers and two resupplies a week.

Actual money spent in town was $10,058 and is broken down like this: $5,189 for in-town food (dinners out and snacks at hostels/hotels). $4,095 for accommodations which included hotels, hostels, as well as campsites that charged a fee (mainly in New Hampshire and Maine). $416 for shuttles, taxis, slack packing, and trail angel tips. $190 for other items like a haircut, going to a movie in town, etc. $161 for postage, we used the post office to send ourselves stuff or to send items home.

OOPS Costs

Thru hiking the Appalachian Trail means you are climbing and descending mountains for 8 to 12 hours a day for around 6-months. There are bound to be costs associated with the strenuous and elongated nature of the feat.

These oops costs can include things like: a new tent because a branch fell on it in the middle of the night (always look up before pitching your tent looking for “Widow Makers”), or burning through multiple pairs of shoes if you are wearing trail runners, maybe even with boots. It is likely you will fall (a lot) and one of these falls might result in a serious injury, or you may pick up Lyme disease from a deer tick, or get the flu or noro-virus, or have some other malady that requires medical attention.

All of these things need to be considered and worked into a budget. We did not ever need to see  doctor, although I did get what I think was food poisoning, which required an extra hotel stay. Chica and I each went through 3 pair of trail runners and Chica switched out her rain jacket. So, we spent a total of $518 for gear repair or replacement.

Back Home Costs

Another set of budgeting items a potential thru-hiker needs to consider is money to keep things going on the home front. This might be car insurance, a mortgage, home utilities, health insurance etc. Luckily for Chica and I, we were just transitioning back from living in Costa Rica. We literally only owned 9-suitcases worth stuff. No car, no house, no nada. So that made things easy.

Some people will rent out their homes while they are on the trek or get a house sitter. This helps keep utility expenses at bay and, for the former, can pay the mortgage or generate an income.

Healthcare is a big ‘o can of worms that is beyond the scope of this article, but it is wise to have a strategy for it. Also, consider rescue insurance should you need to be removed from a mountain. We did not carry rescue insurance and had no problems, though we did pass a woman once, who had a broken ankle waiting for EMT’s who were coming by ATV to bring her down off a mountain.

We also met quite a few thru-hikers without insurance of any kind.

The Advantage of Time

One last word on budgeting and planning your thru-hike, there is a huge benefit to be had from having ample time before an attempt at a thru-hike.

Running out of money is a common reason hikers terminate their trip. By giving yourself time you are giving yourself a better chance to succeed.

Time allows you to:

Budget your hike instead of hiking your budget

We had two years from the time we decided to hike to our start date. Since we had time to save we were able to put down on paper exactly what we wanted our hike to be like. For instance, we wanted to take a zero day a week, this necessitated two hostel/hotels stays. On those days we also wanted to feed… to eat until we were tired, not full. We wanted to enjoy a craft beer or three or a glass of wine.

So, when we set up our budget we included money to cover those things. The alternative is to say, I’ve got XX amount of money I need to make my hike fit that budget. This mindset often forces a hiker to make difficult choices. Like not being able to get off the trail after 4 days straight of rain, because it’s not time yet to stay in a hostel and there is no money for one. This then leads to misery and disenchantment with the trail, yet another reason hikers quit.

Research

Having time also allows you to do more research. Watch more YouTube hikers, make more forum posts, gather more information. While it is near impossible to train for a thru-hike you can prepare. Time gives you the advantage of wearing your full pack often, of using your rain gear in the rain, and testing out all of your gear so you KNOW when you head out, it will do its job.

Time also allows you to practice needed backcountry skills, hanging your bear bag, cooking your food, and yes, pooping in the woods. All these things will lead to a less stressful start to your trek, maybe not as hilarious of a start, but less stressful.

Get Gear Deals

By giving yourself time before your thru-hike you can shop the best deals on gear. You can get previous years’ models, shop the REI Garage Sales, find the exact piece of gear you want in the size you need on a Facebook Gear Swap Group, or find a great deal on eBay.

I hope this recap is beneficial for you in your quest to plan for your thru-hike. The whole process can seem overwhelming, but it’s just like hiking the 2,190 miles of the AT you completed by taking one step at a time.

We are participants in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and other affiliate programs. These programs are designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com or other websites. All opinions are our own. 

Snakes on the Appalachian Trail

Snakes on the Appalachian Trail

Overall, Chica and I were surprised by the number of animals we saw during our 6-months on the Appalachian Trail. Maybe it’s because we hiked as a couple and were not very stealthy, but we just didn’t see that many, especially mammals. Four bears, two moose, a few rabbits, a dozen deer, one raccoon and a whole bunch of squirrels—that’s it. The same cannot be said of snakes on the Appalachian Trail. We saw an amazing 37 snakes over the course of 179 days and 2,189 miles.

Not that we polled everyone we saw, but it seemed our reptile sightings were much higher than others’. We didn’t get a photo or video of all 37 snakes, but we did of quite a few. I will post them below along with a description and snake identity. There are two photos that are not ours (copperhead and brown water snake), but they are snakes that are common enough on the AT to include.

Venomous Snakes on the Appalachian Trail

There are only three venomous snakes that reside along the AT—the timber rattlesnake, the copperhead, and the cottonmouth water moccasin. Almost all snakes just want to be left alone and venomous snakes would prefer to reserve their venom for prey. Therefore, snake bites are extremely rare and typically only happen when a snake is stepped on (or reached for on a rock scramble) or messed with by some idiot wanting a cool selfie or channeling their inner Steve Irwin.

Cottonmouth Water Moccasin

It is very unlikely that you will encounter a cottonmouth. While they exist in states that encompass the trail, their range along the AT is only the very most southern part of the trail in Georgia. As their name implies, they like water specifically swamplands and river floodplains. Neither of which are common in the early Georgia section.

Timber Rattlesnake

“Hey Chica, stop walking. Ok, now turn around and look down.”

“Oh, shit!”

“You just stepped over a timber rattlesnake.”

That short but exhilarating conversation happened in Virginia’s Jefferson National Forest. The snake Chica stepped over was a juvenile, only 14 inches long and not a single rattle had yet grown on its tail. But that head, with its triangular shape and chipmunk cheeks, there was no mistaking what this snake was.

This rattler would be the first of a whopping 12 timber rattlesnakes we would see on our thru-hike. The reptile’s demeanor was mellow, even as it was bounded over. Things might have turned out a bit differently if Chica would have stepped on, instead of over, the stick-looking creature. But she didn’t. All of the rattlesnakes we saw, except two, were mellow, they did not coil or rattle or otherwise exhibit a defensive posture.

The scariest encounter with a rattler was in Pennsylvania. This one was not mellow at all, it made its presence known with the tell tale (or is it tell tail) maraca shake. We had stopped to get some water. The spring source was up a short rock scramble and while I fetched water to filter Jen sat her pack down against a large boulder.

We filtered and drank, idling several feet from where her pack lay. When we were done, Chica went to pick up her backpack and immediately stopped at the sound of swarming bees. She stepped toward the snake before realizing where the sound was coming from.

In gathering the water, I had walked right by the snake, never seeing it. Maybe it was under a rock and it came out to check me out. Regardless, Chica grabbing her pack set him off. I was far enough away to get a quick video (see above). Chica’s hiking poles were close to the snake, but I was able to retrieve them, and we made an uneventful exit. After leaving we wondered if we should have tried leave a note warning other hikers, but this thought only occurred several miles past the water source as we were in a shock daze from our encounter. We did mention it to several southbound hikers that past us.

Rattlesnakes are large and can be up to six feet in length. They like hiding in rocks and in tall grass. Three of the 12 we saw were laying in tall grass that paralleled the trail, just a foot or so from where people were hiking. Another four were stretched out across the trail in a sunny spot. Like all snakes timber rattlers are cold blooded and need sun to help maintain body temperature and digest food.

Eastern Timber Rattlesnake hiding in the grass. One of snakes seen on the Appalachian Trail.

Copperhead

We did not see any copperhead snakes on our thru-hike. It’s strange, we ran into multiple hikers who saw only copperheads and no rattlesnakes. The copperhead exists along the trail., mainly from Georgia to New York. They ambush their prey and are masters at camouflage as their pattern and coloring match fallen leaves, and they grow to between 2 to 3 feet in length.

copperhead snake

Photo courtesy of Pixabay.com

Non-Venomous Snakes on the Appalachian Trail

There are many varieties of non-venomous snakes you may come across while hiking in any of the 14 states alongth the trail. We saw our first snake in North Carolina and our last snake in New Hampshire. We did not see snakes in Georgia, Tennessee, West Virginia, New Jersey, or Vermont. So, in 8 out of 14 states we came across a snake or two. Below are the non-venomous snakes we came across along with one that we didn’t, but you may very well.

Garter Snake

This snake and the next one on the list were the most prolific. They seemed to be always moving. Where some of the bigger snakes would just lay there, look at you and not move, the garter wanted to get away, fast. They come in many color schemes from dull to vibrant.

Garter Snake on the Appalachian Trail

The most interesting encounter with this snake species happened when we were hiking with a friend. She screeched and came to an abrupt halt. I pulled up beside her and she pointed a few feet in front of her and down. There was a garter snake, head raised about 8 inches off the ground heading right toward us.

I knew the snake was harmless but the way it was moving with its head high, and towards us, was menacing. As it got closer we could see it had something in its mouth. The grasshopper looked like it could get away and, people present or not, that snake was not going to let that happen.

Black Rat Snake

If you thru-hike the Appalachian Trail it is highly likely you will come across a black rat snake.Growing as long as seven feet this black beauty is difficult to miss. As their name implies the snake is fond of rodents. It makes sense then that they are sometimes found around AT shelters. They perform a great service and are harmless, so don’t go getting all Indiana Jones on them.

 

Eastern Hognose Snake

The hognose snake was by far the most memorable snake we came across on the trail. Like many of the snakes we saw this guy was laying right across the trail catching some rays. For non-venomous snakes that were laying in the trail, we tried to go around them. If there was brush or a drop off or some other obstacle that prevent us from doing that I would touch snake’s tail with my trekking pole and they would nonchalantly slither away.

Not the hognose! It acted offended when I touched its tail, as if I had grabbed it, swung it around my head a couple of times and then set it down. It was pissed. It coiled, hissed loudly, and then inflated its neck so that it looked like a cobra. Then the rest of the body grew as well as it puffed up the main body to look bigger.

It seems this is a common drama played out by hognose when it is threatened. If all this didn’t work, it might have tried a bluff strike whereby the snake strikes with a closed mouth (bites from hognose snakes are very rare). If there was still a threat, then the last line of defense would be to play dead. It would flop over on its back and stick out its tongue to its darnedest to look pathetic and unappetizing. For this one though, after the puffing up it eventually moved on into the brush.  What a cool experience.

Milk Snake

The first snake we saw on the trail was in North Carolina and was a milk snake. Although the milk snake has the coloring and somewhat the same pattern as a copperhead the diminutive head is a sign that it is harmless. We ended up seeing two other milk snakes along the way and none of them ever seemed to be in a hurry nor were they bothered by our presence.

Brown Water Snake

Another snake that is relatively common (but we didn’t see one) is the brown water snake. The photo below was taken by our friends who are thru-hiking this year. This was snapped at the river that runs through the Nantahala Outdoor Center (NOC).

Brown Water Snake Nantahala Outdoor Center

Photo credit Barbara Hurne

Eastern Ringneck Snake

A small grass snake with a bright yellow ring around its neck, these are common along the trail (we only saw one though).

Unidentified Snakes

The last two I don’t know what they are. If you know let me know in the comments and I will add the info to the blog post. The black one I just love its pattern. These have since been identified. The first is a red-bellied snake and the second is another garter snake. 

Thanks for joining us on a tour of the snakes we saw on our thru-hike of the AT. I would love to hear your story of snake encounters on the Appalachian Trail. If you have one, comment below.

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